The an archive page of
Prince Albert Branch
Saskatchewan Genealogical Society

Box 1464 Prince Albert, Saskatchewan S6V 5T1




September~October~November~December 2001
Volume 18 Number 3 of 3

Ontario Research Tips
Changing Times?
Looking Gift Horses in the Mouth
Let's Try to Keep Our Census

Current issue

Ontario Research Tips

B.T. notes that the internet is fast and cost effective for locations like Ontario. He uses Cyndi’s List and a long list of other URLs. He offers help to any member wanting to learn how to do genealogical research on the internet but stresses that although it is a wonderful tool ALL findings need verification and if a book is available, paper may be faster.

Cyndi’s Index of Ontario site supplies such things as
-where to find information, ie. libraries, newspapers, museums, Ontario genealogical society,
-lists professional researchers
-surname research
-how to get birth, death, marriages certificates plus a list of fees

A.J. has a huge collection of cemetery lists from Ontario. D.R. has cemetery lists from various counties as well and a Railway book with a list of employees. J.G. has the 1860 Agriculture Census and the 1861 Census.

This list of references available from the Culenaere and SGS libraries was supplied by T.C.l with a map titled "It Depends What You Mean By "Canada’" from Merriman’s Historical Atlas of Canada.
1. Aitken, Barbara B. Local Histories of Ontario Municipalities 1951–1977: a bibliography. Toronto, ON: Ontario Library Association, 1978. Also, Local Histories of Ontario Municipalities 1977–1987: a bibliography. 1989.
2. Douglas, Althea. Here be Dragons! Navigating the hazards found in Canadian family research: a guide for genealogists. Toronto, ON: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1996.
3. Merriman, Brenda Dougall. Genealogy in Ontario: searching the records. 3rd edition, revised. Toronto, ON: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1996.
4. Rayburn, Alan. Lost Names and Places of Eastern Ontario: previous names of places and the names of abandoned places……Toronto, ON: Ontario Genealogical Society, 1993.
5. Rumpel, Renie A. Index to Marriage Registrations of Ontario, Canada, 1869–1873. Toronto, ON. 6 volumes. Ontario Indexing Services, 1995–1996.
6. The British Farmers Guide to Ontario. Government of Ontario.
7. Browne, David J. Index to Ontario Settlement Names–1998 resulting from the O.G.S Strays Project.
8. Lauber, Wilfred. An Index of the Land Claim Certificates of Upper Canada Militiamen who served in the War of 1812– 1814.
9. Trace, Mary. Guide to Southern Ontario Municipalities, 1987-1997. a bibliography.
10. Schaeffer, Strange, Wright. Guide to the Archives of the Law Society of Upper Canada.
11. Norfolk Historical Society, Index to the Christian Observer.
12. Robbins, Douglas. A Genealogist’s Guide to Ontario’s Counties and Townships.
13. Gazetteer of Canada, Ontario, 1988.
14. A Guide to Ontario Land Registry Records, O.G.S.
15. Surrogate Court Records at the Archives of Ontario, O.G.S.
16. Taylor, Ryan. Routes to Roots.
17. Jones, Iris. Country Roads of Ontario.
18. Baxter, Angus. In Search of Your Canadian Roots (new edition).
19. Sellar, Robert. A Scotsmen In Upper Canada.
20. de Visserwith, John. Upper Canada Village.


Changing Times?

As you read the following newspaper article that mentions a member’s ancestor, try to guess the year and contemplate the contradictions of "history repeats itself" and "changing times".

Ratepayers Thought There Was Going To Be a Free Fight Once
Henribourg, Sask., Feb. 1 — A special meeting of the ratepayers of Garden River school district, Herinbourg, was held in the schoolhouse on last Wednesday afternoon for the purpose of electing a trustee to fill the vacancy created by the resignation of chairman W. Pick. At first, it seemed as though a spirit of indifference to school meetings had fallen upon the district. Nearly everybody was late in arriving, and according to several timepieces the meeting did not start till ten minutes past two. The secretary invited D. Pick to take the chair, and he declined. A. A. Ralls then consented to fill this position. Mr. Ralls stated the purpose of the meeting, and asked for nominations for trustee. The two candidates nominated were Dick Smith and A. A. Ralls. At the close of nominations the meeting decided by a majority of eight votes to hold the election by open ballot.

Candidates’ Views
The chairman expressed the opinion that before polling took place it would be well for the two candidates to state their views as to the proper management of the school. Mr. Smith did not wish to speak. A. A. Ralls himself as the second candidate at once plunged into the thorny subject of allowing French to be taught in the school. He said he was strongly in favor of having French taught, as it was a very essential language in this country. He could see no more objection to having the English children taught French than to having the French children taught English. Regardless of the school act, he suggested that English children might be allowed to go home while French was being taught. Upon his expressing a preference for a lady teacher in the school he was speedily shown the absurdity of his opinion. Ratepayers brought forth instances showing that the big boys in this particular school required the strong hand of a man. It was pointed out that it fell to a man teacher to stop cigarette smoking and still more objectionable practices around the school.

Ratepayers also declared that past experience showed that when the teacher was French the French language was taught not merely for the half hour prescribed, but also at other times during the day. It was said that the only means by which the trustees could compel a French teacher to conduct the school in the English language was by staying in and around the school a good deal of their time. D. Pick, chairman of the board, said that during his term of office he found that a French teacher did not hesitate to teach French at any time during the day.

Discussion Animated
As this discussion proceeded the feeling of animosity between French and English grew more and more bitter.

Ex-trustee Mayer insisted that the Englishmen were out to cut the Frenchmen’s throats, but the Englishmen argued that they only wished to ensure that the school would be conducted in the English language, and that French should be limited to a primary course given during the time prescribed by the school act.

A. H. Morin claimed that according to the British North American act French should be the official language of the country. He said it was the legal language, and asked why it should be denied to the French.

Horatio Luke contended that these stipulations referred only to Upper and Lower Canada, and in proof of this he called Mr. Morin’s attention to the fact that when Sir Wilfrid Laurier was requested to grant autonomy to the two provinces of Saskatchewan and Alberta he consented to do so only upon the distinct understanding that French should be permitted to be taught in the schools of these two provinces. Mr. Luke asserted that Sir Wilfrid by a piece of smart political business, had sold autonomy to these provinces in return for a guarantee of the spread of the French language.

Takes Off Coat
While Mr. Luke was giving to Mr. Morin his views on the teaching of French in the school, Pierre Leblanc, who was listening, pulled off his coat in a threatening manner, and showed a determination to fight Mr. Luke.

At once the house was in a tumult. The secretary-treasurer rushed from his place and stood between Mr. Leblanc and his intended victim. A general scrimmage was expected, but Mr. Leblanc was soon restrained, and was urged to keep smiling. Still the temper of the meeting remained ugly, and the fighting spirit was in the air. A Frenchman explained that an Englishman had written to the paper saying that the French were not doing their duty, meaning their duty in fighting for the country. This Frenchman said they were going to show the English that if the French would not do their duty in France they would do it at the school meeting with their fists.

While a general wrangle in this spirit was proceeding, Pierre Leblanc told A. Luke that he would knock his head off. In reply, Mr. Luke told him to come outside and they would talk about it. The two men walked out closely followed by the whole meeting, and the chairman still remaining at his post was left in sole possession of the room.

In Good Old Way
The two prospective combatants now confronted one another in the time-honored style of the boxing ring, while the whole body of ratepayers and their wives stood around them and on the school steps to see fair play. The English counselled their man not to strike first. They considered the Frenchman to be the challenger, and said it was his duty to strike the first blow. Other ratepayers stood waiting, each marking his man in the expectation that the fight would develop into a free-for-all. One of the last men to arrive on the grounds was George Newell, who is the local J.P. Seeing the situation he called upon Walter H. Coombs in the name of the king to separate the two men. Mr. Coombs refrained, being ready as he explained afterwards, to do his share in a general "bust up," but not caring to have his head bumped for nothing. The Frenchman though still scowling angrily at his adversary would not strike, and the onlookers seeing that he would not venture beyond threats began trooping back again into the room, where they found the chairman still waiting for the meeting to continue.

Ralls is Elected
Resident ratepayers now resumed voting for a trustee. At the close of the poll A. A. Ralls, the chairman declared himself elected by a majority of three votes.

Asked by J.T. Maxwell what provision would be made for instructing English children while the French children were learning French. Mr. Ralls was unable to answer. He said however, that he was willing to abide by the school act.

The election was protested by several ratepayers on the ground that notices of it were not posted up eight days beforehand as required by the act.

The secretary contended in contradiction of a ratepayer that a certain notice was up in time. He had not posted all the notices himself.

It was decided to refer the matter in dispute to Regina for a decision.

W. Adams teacher of Garden River school, Henribourg, for the past year, has been appointed teacher in the Podale school district which adjoins the Henribourg district.
The school at Henribourg is closed for the winter months.

Reprinted with permission from the Prince Albert Daily Herald, February 2, 1918.


Looking Gift Horses in the Mouth

In genealogy the wise old saying "Never look a gift horse in the mouth" is best reversed to "Always look a gift horse in the mouth." A January/February 2001 article, "Fradulent Genealogies" pp. 23-26, in Family Chronicle took time to highlight the importance of verification; checking primary sources.

As beneficial as modern communications are, genealogists must consider that many submitters have verified little or none of their data and that some data is the fiction of master forgers.

Gustave Anjou was a forder who wrought havoc on genealogy at the turn of the 19th century in the United States:
"His report took approximately three weeks and included a coat of arms, a surname history and an overwhelming number of citation to documents that actually exist interspersed with his creations that made the genealogy go where he wanted it to go for his unsuspecting and usually delighted clients..... The sad fact is that Anjou was not a genealogist, but a forger of genealogical records. Any of your sources that trace baci to anything compiled by Anjou will prove suspect." (p. 23)

Other suspect genealogies may originate from Charles H. Browning, Orra E. Monnette, Frederick A. Virkus, C.A. hoppin, Horation Gates Somersby and John S. Wurts. Searching the internet for "fraud" and "genealogy" will alert you to others.

So before you spread as gospel a genealogy that traces you back to Adam and Eve please check, source and validate. Even if you were given a source, like a call number for records in the Family History Library, you still must verify it is not an invention and that the source is not based on the work of a forger.

In your genealogy, concern yourself first with quality, then quantity. Other genealogists will thank you for it.


Let’s Try to Keep Our Census

June’s SGS Bulletin had an excellent article on p. 63 by Garth Ulrich, Saskatchewan Representative, Canada Census Committee, detailing the issues surrounding our access to any post 1901 Census. Please visit our website home page http://www3.sk.sympatico.ca/carsn/GENE/ for a link to the Canada Census Committee and find out how best to act as action is needed.